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New articles of HUNGARIAN AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING

List of accepted articles to Issue No. 39/2021

1. ASSESSING THE DEGREE OF COMPLIANCE WITH TQM PRACTICES: STUDY OF BANKING SECTOR IN PALESTINE

Author(s):

A. Daragmeh, J. Barczi

Abstract: Employing firm’s resources in a way can satisfy the unexpected needs of customers in less costs, which helps a firm to achieve a competitive edge against competitors considers the main goal for any business director. From other side, customers would prefer to deal with firms that offer goods and services with high level of quality, reliability and those at par with international standards. This has given the birth to the concept of TQM in service sector after proofing success in industrial sectors. The aim of the paper is to investigate the level of compliance to TQM practices in Banking sector in Palestine. In the beginning researcher reviewed literature studies to develop a knowledge about TQM practices (Leadership and Human resources development & management) in specific. and try to investigate the relationship between TQM practices and bank’s efficiency. Then, researcher have prepared a questionnaire to measure the level of compliance of Palestinian banks to TQM practices. 100 questionnaires have distributed for the bank employees, who work in different positions and departments. The results showed that less concern to TQM practices in leadership system, human resource development and management. Finally, researcher recommended that banks should give more attention to motivate employees through satisfying them financially and activate their role in decision making and work in a team soul.

Keywords: total quality management, leadership skills, communication channels, international standards, performance


2. SUBSIDY AND ITS EFFECTS

Author(s):

J. Mehtiyev, R. Magda

Abstract: Governments follow a subsidy policy to encourage the use of certain goods by some consumers. Subsidy can be explained as also that firms-producers sell the determined goods at a cheaper price than the market price and subsidizing government collects the difference. They are tools which are widely used in the hands of governments and can be allocated to various economic issues. In general, it is used as a policy of price policy and anti-inflationary policy in the classical sense. In the modern sense, it used for the purpose of general equilibrium, in other words, to equalize trade balance such as lowering prices and controlling inflation, preventing the long-term decline of industries. However, there are many significant negative effects of subsidies such as increase in taxes, leading to inefficiency of local industries, increase in borrowing, and disruption of identity between buyer and vendor prices in markets. One of rules set on subsidies is SCM Agreement. In the Agreement, subsidies were identified and rules were set on subsidies which could impact international trade. Since there are many types of subsidies, there should be more strict rules and policies about their implementation in order to eliminate and avoid potential barriers in international trade.

Keywords: subsidy, international trade, price discrimination, trade balance, export subsidy


3. APPLICABILITY OF ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

Author(s):

E. Fekete

Abstract: Today’s changing environmental challenges and accelerating technological advances over the past decade have presented companies with new challenges. There is an increasing emphasis on human resources, which can give companies a real competitive edge. At the same time, the focus is on the development of HR systems and their connection to other systems that determine how companies operate. Individual performance evaluation, in close connection with other HR functions, nowadays, in addition to evaluation, which may have a development or remuneration function, is linked to the performance of the organization. Accurately defining the latter and developing its measurement methodology, though not primarily as an HR function in most cases, is essential in the pursuit of effective operation. It is worth defining the indicators that may apply to a particular organizational unit and, at a higher level, to the whole company. The definition, implementation and measurement of indices and KPIs presupposes that the specified qualitative and quantitative indicators provide an appropriate framework for the evaluation of real performance. The performance of individuals determines the performance of an organizational unit, which in aggregate also predicts corporate-level performance.

Keywords: performance management, individual performance, organizational performance, KPI, metrics


4. THE IMPACT OF TRAINING ON BANKS EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE

Author(s):

M. Abu Daqar, M. Constantinovits

Abstract: The main aim of conducting this research work is to explore the impact of Training on Employees Performance in the banking industry in Palestine. The Data for this study were collected from the permanent staff working in banks in Palestine through a questionnaire designed to achieve the objectives of this study as the main instrument to gather the primary data; 10 banks have been selected for this purpose. The result shows that there is a significant relationship between Training Material and Employee Performance, and also a significant relationship between Training Delivery and Employee Performance, while the study revealed that there is no significant relationship between (Training Design and Training Content) and Employee Performance. The researcher recommended banks to focus on giving useful and easy to read and see the material, handouts, and activities in training. Moreover, Banks should consider focusing on training that best helps employees in applying and learning various types of knowledge and skills, providing clear instructions for all activates, and providing trainings with reasonable time duration.

Keywords: instructor-led training, virtual instructor-led training, e-learning, blended learning


5. APPLICATION OF TWO TECHNIQUES USED FOR MEASURING THE SOIL STRENGTH: A REVIEW

Author(s):

N. Salman – P. Kiss

Abstract: This paper reviews the application of two techniques are used for the measurement of soil strength. The two techniques (cone penetrometer and bevameter) enable measurements to be made in situ. However, the penetrometer is the only equipment that can evaluate soil resistance variation with depth. Neither the cone index nor the gradient that belongs to it concerning the depth is uniquely associated with density or soil cohesion but varies with structural state and moisture content. Moreover, the formation of compaction zones and soil bodies ahead of the cone efficiently alters its geometry, thus the penetration no longer reveals the original characteristics of the soil. Furthermore, the bevameter technique only identifies surface soil properties. Nonetheless, among all the presently available techniques, the bevameter gives the closest imitation of vehicle-terrain interaction.

Keywords: cone penetrometer, bevameter, soil measurement techniques, soil properties, plate-sinkage test


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